Haryana State Board HBSE 8th Class Social Science Solutions Civics Chapter 9 Public Facilities Textbook Exercise Questions and Answers.
Haryana Board 8th Class Social Science Solutions Civics Chapter 9 Public Facilities
HBSE 8th Class Civics Public Facilities Textbook Questions and Answers
Class 8 Public Facilities Question Answer HBSE Question 1.
Why do you think there are so few cases of private water supply in the world?
(i) Private companies throughout the world only operate for profit. To supply clean, pure water at affordable rates is not very affordable.
(ii) The facilities provided by the private companies will not be affordable by all. A majority of the people would be deprived of the opportunity of availing the basic facilities and enjoying a decent life.
Class 8 Civics Chapter 9 HBSE Question 2.
Do you think water in Chennai is available and affordable by all? Discuss.
No, water is not available and affordable in Chennai by all.
(i) Areas like Anna Nagar, where Senior Government officials, reside, have tap water for a major part of the day. Even during water scarcity, a water tanker is arranged for them.
(ii) Residents of Mylapore get municipal water once in two days.
(iii) Madipakam gets water once in four days.
(iv) The residents of Saidapet, a slum area do not have separate water connection of their own. The water comes only in common tap for 20 minutes twice a ddy.
(v) The water is not affordable to all. The middle class and rich people can dig borewells, buy water from tankers or even bottled water for drinking. The poor people have the least access to water.
Public Facilities Class 8 HBSE Question 3.
How is the sale of water by farmers to water dealers in Chennai affecting the local people? Do you think local people can object to such exploitation of ground water? Can the government do anything in this regard?
The sale of water by farmers to water dealers in Chennai is affecting adversely the local people.
(i) The ground water-level of surrounding towns and villages have dropped drastically resulting in the loss of drinking waiter to local residents.
(ii) The private companies or water dealers pay farmers an advance for the rights to exploit water sources on their land. These companies are using a fleet of over 13,000 water tankers.
(iii) Water has become short for agriculture resulting in less production of foodgrains.
Class 8 Civics Chapter 9 Question Answer HBSE Question 4.
Why are most of the private hospitals and private schools located in major cities and not in towns or rural areas?
Private hospitals and private schools are located in major cities and not in town or rural areas because:
(i) The infrastructural and modem facilities to run such institutes are not available in towns or rural areas.
(ii) The skilled and educated doctors and educationists reside in major cities and very few of them would like to shift to rural areas or towns.
(iii) The private hospitals and schools are mainly run for profit motive and to meet their high expenses, they charge high fees which only people of major cities can afford.
Public Facilities Class 8 Questions And Answers HBSE Question 5.
Do you think the distribution of public facilities in our country is adequate and fair? Give an example of your own to explain.
No, I think the distribution of public facilities in our country is not adequats and fair.
(a) In major cities, there are pucca houses but in villages most of the people are even living in kuchha houses. This is not fair for the biggest democratic country of the world.
(b) There are so many areas and villages where good road, proper schools, hospitals, good sanitation conditions, proper supply of pure water and electricity are not accessible till date.
(c) Even good hospitals and schools are also located in major cities only.
Public Facilities Question Answer HBSE 8th Class Question 6.
Take some of the public facilities in your area, such as water, electricity etc. Is there scope to improve these? What in your opinion should be done? Complete the table.
There is certainly a scope for improvement in public facilities in our area. Most important is sanitation. There is a big garbage disposal pit adjoining our area which is a breeding ground for mosquitoes. Also the carbon generated from dirt in the pit leads to leakage of gas for airconditioners. The government has to take immediate actions to close the pit
|Is it available ?||How can it be improved ?|
|Water||Four hours a day||Timing of water supply should be increased.|
|Electricity||Less capacity, low voltage||Govt, should take steps to minimise wastage of electricity. More power plants should be installed.|
|Roads||In poor condition||They should be more even.|
|Public Transport||Condition of buses not satisfactory||More buses should be hired, there should be limit on number of passengers in a bus.|
Class 8 Civics Chapter 9 Solutions HBSE Question 7.
Are the above public facilities shared equally by all the people in your area? Elaborate.
No, all the above facilities are not shared equally by all the people in your area. Nearly 20 percent people are living below the poverty line. They do not have access to pure and clean drinking water.
The rich people purchase sealed water bottles of branded companies. They have access to regular water supply through tap connections.
Class 8th Civics Chapter 9 HBSE Question 8.
Data on some of the public facilities ‘ are collected as part of the Census. Discuss with you teacher when and how the census is conducted.
Census is conducted every ten years, if The last census was conducted in 2011. The government appoints special people to 1 collect data from door to door about population, occupation, access to public facilities The data is compared with last figures and planned figures and suitable actions are takenr.
Public Facilities Class 8 Short Answers HBSE Question 9.
Private educational institutions- schools, colleges, universities, technical and vocational training institutes are coming up in our country in a big way. On the other hand, educational institutes run by the government are becoming relately less important. What do you think would be the impact of this? Discuss.
The impacts of privatisation of education will be as follows:
(a) The education will be more costly.
(b) However, the new techniques of education will be followed with modem instruments. The private companies, in the competition, try to lend better facilities.
(c) There will be more inequality in society because only people from richer strata will be able to afford to send their children to private institutions.
HBSE 8th Class Civics Public Facilities Important Questions and Answers
Very Short Answer Type Questions
Class 8 Civics Chapter Public Facilities HBSE Question 1.
How many children below five years of age die due to water related diseases in India?
Almost over 16 hundred children below five years of age die due to water related diseases in India.
Civics Chapter 9 Class 8 HBSE Question 2.
Under which article ‘right to water* is part of the right to life?
Under Article 21 of the Indian Constitution the ‘right to water’ is part of right to life.
Class 8 Civics Public Facilities HBSE Question 3.
What is special about Porto Alegre?
Porto Alegre has lowest infant death rate than other cities of the world because of the availability of safe water maintained by city water department.
Civics Class 8 Chapter 9 HBSE Question 4.
How did the drinking water of Mahbubnagar get contaminated?
A textile company discharged poisonous chemicals in the river near the Mahbubnagar. This has contaminated the ground water, which was the source of irrigation and drinking water.
Short Answer Type Questions
Class 8 Public Facilities HBSE Question 1.
What does the Indian Constitution say about Right to Education and what is the contradiction that prevails in India?
The Indian Constitution guarantees the Right to Education for all children between the age of 6-14 years. According to this Right, schooling facilities are available to all children impartially. According to report on education, schooling in India continues to be highly uneven.
The public facility benefits many people at a time. Discuss it with example.
Indeed, the public facility benefits many people at a time. For example, a school in a village will allow any children to get educated. In the same way by the supply of electricity to an area the farmers can run pump-sets to irrigate their fields, people can open small workshops that run on electricity, students will get help in their studies.
Long Answer Type Questions
In what areas have the private companies successfully granted public facilities and why?
The private companies have successfully ventured opening of schools and hospitals. They also provide drinking water through tankers and sealed bottles. They provide all these facilities at a price which upper class people can afford.
“Indian courts have done very praiseworthy work as far as the right to water is concerned and they have also taken steps to prevent the water-pollution by some companies.” Discuss.
(a) The constitution of India recognises the right to water as being a part of the right to life (Article 21). There have several court cases in which both the High Courts and the SupremeCourt have held that the right to safe drinking water is a Fundamental Right.
(b) For example, in 2007, the Andhra Pradesh High Court restated this (Right to get sufficient safe water) while hearing a case based on a letter written by a village of Mahbubnagar district on the contamination of drinking water.
(c) The villager’s complaint was that a textile company was discharging poisonous chemicals into a stream near his village, contaminating ground water, which was the source for irrigation and drinking water.
(d) The judges of the High Court of Andhra Pradesh directed the Mahbubnagar district collector to supply 25 litres of water to each person in the village.
(A) Look at the given pictures given below and answer the following question:
What is most important form of public transport over short distances?
Buses are the most important forms of public transport over short distances.
What has the government planned as an alternative to bus transport?
The government has planned ambitious metro-rail project for Delhi and other metropolitan cities.
How much money was spent from the government budget for the construction of the first segment of metro-rail in Delhi?
W 11000 crore was spent from the government budget for the construction of the first segment of metro-rail in Delhi.
What negative remarks have been given by the public for such a huge expenditure?
People have remarked that such a huge expenditure could have been avoided if only a fraction of this amount was spent on upgrading the public bus system.
Public Facilities Class 8 HBSE Notes
- Sanitation: Provision of facilities for the safe disposal of human urine and faeces.
- Company: A company is a form of business set-up by people or by the government.
- Universal access: Universal access is achieved when everyone has physical access to a good can also afford it.
- Basic needs: Primary requirements of food, water, shelter, sanitation, healthcare, and education necessary for survival.
- Right to Life: The constitution of India guarantees it for all persons living in this country.
- Parliament: It is the law-making body of the country which consists of Rajya Sabha, Lok Sabha and the President of India.
- Budget: Annual account of income and expenditure by the government.
- Public Transport System: Local buses, state owned inter-buses, local trains, metro trains and railways are the main means of public Transportation.