Haryana State Board HBSE 8th Class Social Science Solutions Civics Chapter 8 Confronting Marginalisation Textbook Exercise Questions and Answers.
Haryana Board 8th Class Social Science Solutions Civics Chapter 8 Confronting Marginalisation
HBSE 8th Class Civics Confronting Marginalisation Textbook Questions and Answers
Confronting Marginalisation Class 8 HBSE Question 1.
List two fundamental rights in the Constitution that Dalits can draw upon to insist that they are treated with dignity and equals. Re-read the Fundamental Rights listed on page 14 to help you answer this question.
(a) Right to Equality and
(b) Right to Freedom.
Confronting Marginalisation Class 8 Notes HBSE Question 2.
Re-read the story on Rathnam as well as the provisions of the 1989 scheduled caste and scheduled tribes prevention of Atrocities Act. Now list one reason why you think he used this law to file a complaint.
Rathnam sought the support of law, filing his complaint under the Atrocities Act to protest against the domination and violence of
the powerful castes in his village. He used this as it was framed in response to demands made by Dalits and others so that the government may take seriously.
Confronting Marginalisation Class 8 Questions And Answers HBSE Question 3.
Why do Adivasi activists including C.K. Janu believe that Adivasis can also use this 1989 Act to fight against dispossession? Is there anything specific in the provisions of the Act that allows her to believe this?
Being an Adivasi Activist, C.K. Janu is right in believing that they can use the 1989 Act to fight against dispossession. This is because it lists actions that dispossess Dalits and Adivasis of their meagre resources or which force them into performing labour of slavery.
Thus, they can use this Act since it seems to punish anyone who wrongfully occupies or cultivates any land owned by, or alloted to, a member of a scheduled caste or a scheduled tribe or gets the land alloted to him transferred.
Confronting Marginalisation HBSE Class 8 Question 4.
The poems and the song in this unit allow you to see the range of ways in which individuals and communities express their opinion, their anger and their sorrow. In class do the following two exercises:
(a) Bring to class a poem that discurses a social issue. Share this with your classmates. Work in small groups with two or more poems to discuss their meaning as well as what the poet is trying to communicate.
(b) Identify a marginalised community. Write a poem, or song, or draw a poster etc., to express your feelings as a member of this community.
(c) For example:
A poem by Soyrabai: (Refer Pg. 96 of your Social Science and Political Life-III text book). (Read the poem and then the summarised view below.)
Soyrabai who herself belongs to the Mahar caste through her esteemed poem questions about the idea or the criterion behind being called a pure person. She argues that every human being is born in the same way and is equal. She cannot understand what makes one body less or more pure than the other. Pollution, a basic idea of casteism should not be the tool for discrimination or to separate or deny people any access to spaces, work, knowledge or dignity. According to her, it does not occur through nature of work but through one’s clear ethnicity and beliefs.
HBSE 8th Class Civics Confronting Marginalisation Important Questions and Answers
Very Short Answer Type Questions
Class 8 Civics Chapter 8 Questions And Answers HBSE Question 1.
Which Article states abolishment of untouchability?
Class 8 Confronting Marginalisation HBSE Question 2.
What is the literal meaning of Dalit?
The term ‘Dalit’ literally means broken.
Which Article states “no discrimination”?
Name a policy that promotes justice?
When was the Arocities Act passed?
Name a bhakti saint who criticized casteism.
In your opinion does the force put on Rathnam to perform this ritual violate his fundamental right?
Yes, in our opinion being forced to carry out such a task in which the person has no belief is a violation of fundamental right. Right to freedom and right to equality are rights that are violated.
Short Answer Type Questions
What does Article 15 of the Constitution state?
The Article 15 of the Constitution states^ that no person can be discriminated against on the basis of religion, race, caste, sex or a place of birth.
State one reason why you think reservations play an important role in providing social justice to Dalits and Adivasis.
The law of reservation to Dalits and Adivasis is based on a simple argument that in a society like ours, where for centuries, sections of population have been denied opportunities to learn and to work in order to develop new skills or vocation, a democratic government thus needed to step in and assist, these socially or economically backward sections.
Why do you think the Dalit families were afraid of angering the powerful castes?
The situation of fear and tension might have taken place because of the fear of undergoing starvation due to unemployment on the powerful caste’s anger. They also declared the wrath of the locality would strike them if they refused to give in.
Long Answer Type Questions
Article 17 of the Constitution states that untouchability has been abolished. What does this mean?
Untouchability hps been abolished. It means that on one can prevent Dalits from educating themselves, entering temples, using public facilities, etc. It also means that it is wrong to practise untouchability and that this practice will not be tolerated by a democratic government. Untouchability is a punishable crime now.
Apart from making law how does government work for the marginalised in our country?
Government makes specific laws and policies for the marginalised in our country. There are policies or schemes that emerge through other means like setting up a committee or by undertaking a survey, etc. The government then makes an effort to promote such policies in order to give opportunities to specific groups.
The government operates through laws to ensure that concrete steps are taken to end inequality in the society. Mention one such law.
One such law is the reservation policy. This law reserved seats in education and government employment for Dalits and Adivasis people. It is based on an important argument that in a society like ours where for centuries sections of the population have been denied equal opportunities to learn and work, a democratic government needs to step in and assist these section.
How does the reservation policy work?
Governments across India have their own list of Scheduled Castes (or Dalits) Tribes and Backward and the more Backward castes. The Central Government too has its list. Students applying to educational institutions and those applying for posts of government are expected to furnish proof of their caste or tribal status. If a particular Dalit caste or a certain tribe is on the government list, then a candidate from that caste or tribe can avail the benefit of reservation.
(A) Look at the picture below and complete the sentences:
The (a) ……………… government passed the Scheduled Tribe and other (b) ………….. Forest Dwellers Act in (c) ……… , The introduction states that it shall undo (d) ………… injustices. The Act also points out that the right to forest dwellers include conservation of (e) …………. and (f) …………. .
The (a) Central government passed the Scheduled Tribe and other (b) Traditiona Forest Dwellers Act in (c) 2006. The introduction states that it shall undo (d) historical injustices. The Act also points out that the right to forest dwellers include conservation of (e) Forests and (f) biodiversity.
Confronting Marginalisation Class 8 HBSE Notes
- Assertive: Groups of people that can express their views strongly.
- Confront: To come face-to-face or to challenge someone or something. For example: The groups challenging marginalisation.
- Delusion: A false impression.
- Dispossessed: To have to give up ownership or to give up authority.
- Invoking: Imploring, appealing by authority.
- Morally reprehensible: An act that violates all norms of decency and dignity that a society believes in. It usually refers to a hideous and repugnant act that goes against all values that a society has accepted.
- Policy: A stated course of action that provides direction for future, sets goals to be achieved or lays out
- principles or guidelines to be followed and acted upon.