Haryana State Board HBSE 10th Class Social Science Solutions Civics Chapter 6 Political Parties Textbook Exercise Questions and Answers.
Haryana Board 10th Class Social Science Solutions Civics Chapter 6 Political Parties
HBSE 10th Class Civics Political Parties Intext Questions and Answers
Let Us Revise based Question (Page 75)
Political Parties HBSE 10th Class Civics Question 1.
Categorise these photographs by the functions of political parties they illustrate. Find one photograph or news clipping from your own area for each of the functions listed above.
(A) (i) Playing the role of opposition.
(ii) Implementation of policies and schemes.
(iii) Protesting against the policy of government.
(B) Students should find themselves the photographs related to the above listed functions.
Plus Box based Question (Page 76)
HBSE 10th Class Civics Chapter 6 Political Parties Question 2.
Kishenji is no more. What would be your advice to these four activists? Should they form a new political party? Can a political party become a moral force in politics? What should that party be like?
- These four activists should move ahead with the social transformation by forming a new political party, because it is only the way they can do something good for the society.
- Yes, of course, they should form a new party.
- Yes, it can do so by translating its promises into actions. The party should be accountable to common people.
- The party should focus on the immediate problems of the people. It should select only those candidates who are willing to serve the society in the true sense.
Munni and Unni’s Question (Page 83)
Chapter 6 Political Parties HBSE 10th Class Question 3.
Why don’t parties give enough tickets to women? Is that also due to lack of internal democracy ?
- If the parties give tickets to women, steadily the power will go into their hands, which the Indian patriarchal mentality is still not ready to accept.
- Yes, this is an example of lack of internal democracy.
Let us Revise based Question (Page 85)
Can you identify which of the challenges described in this section are being highlighted in these cartoons? (on pages 83 to 85)
- The cartoons are highlighting the frequent use of money and muscle power in politics.
- These challenges are faced by the political parties.
What are the ways to curb the misuse of money and muscle power in politics?
- Making the people aware of their rights about voting according to their own choice and not under the pressure of anyone else.
- People should not get greedy about money and should choose their representative correctly.
- They have the right to speak and can reveal information about the areas where money and muscle power is used when chance comes.
Cartoon-based Question (Page 86)
Attention “Electoral discipline is not our cup of Tea ” Do you agree that this form of reforming political parties will be acceptable to them?
I think it would not be acceptable to the political parties to observe electoral discipline.
HBSE 10th Class Civics Political Parties Textbook Questions and Answers
State the various functions political parties perform in a democracy
Describe any five functions of political party.
The various functions performed by different politi al parties are:
(i) To Contest Elections:
In most democracies, elections are fought mainly among the candidates put up by political parties. Parties select their candidates in different ways. In some countries, like the USA, members and supporters of a party choose its candidates. In other countries like India, top party leaders choose candidates for contesting elections.
(ii) Declaration of Policies:
In a democracy, a large number of similar opinions have to be grouped together to provide a direction in which policies can be formulated by the governments. This is what the parties do, parties put forward different policies and programmes and the voters choose from them. A party reduces a vast multitude of opinions into a few basic positions which it supports.
(iii) Moulding Public Opinion:
The parties stimulate the interest of public in the issues before the nation. They use all means of mass communication such as the press, the radio, the television, and street comer meetings. In this way, political parties try to educate, influence, and shape public opinion in their favour.
(iv) To Form and Run Governments:
The big policy decisions are taken by political executive that comes from the political parties. Parties recruit leaders, train them, and then make them ministers to run the government in the way they want.
(v) To Play a Role in making Laws:
Parties play a decisive role in making laws for a country.
(vi) To Play the Role of Opposition:
Opposition parties mobilise opposition to the government by voicing different views and criticising the government for its failures or wrong policies.
(vii) Providing People Access to Government Machinery:
Parties provide people access to government machinery and welfare schemes implemented by governments.
What are the various challenges faced by political parties?
Explain any four challenges before political parties in India.
The various challenges faced by political parties are as given below :
(i) Lack of Internal Democracy:
There is lack of internal democracy within parties. A few leaders at top positions decide every matter of the party. Parties do not hold organisational meetings and do not conduct internal elections regularly. After being elected, the ordinary members and even the public are completely ignored.
(ii) Dynastic Succession:
In India, and in some other countries also, real power in any party is occupied by the members of a family. This dynastic rule sometimes proves a great hurdle in the working of political parties as well as for true democracy.
(iii) Meaningful Choice to the Voters :
All political parties have to feel the pulse of the voters. Every voter wants a candidate which may prove to be the best choice for him. It is true that all political parties know that their rival political parties also try to imple¬ment the same programmes and policies which are liked by the majority of the voters. If we analyse this, we find that there is no clear difference between the programmes and policies of different political parties and in the elections, voters as such do not have a meaningful choice among different political parties.
(iv) Money and Muscle Power:
Nowadays, elections are very costly. A lot of money is needed at the time of elections. After winning the elections, the political parties try to amass wealth for the next elections. Money power promotes corruption before, while, during, and even after elections. Muscle power also plays a major role in winning the elections. Criminals get tickets from the political parties. They directly or indirectly threaten the voters. Democrats all over the world are worried about the increasing role of money and muscle power in democratic politics.
Suggest some reforms to strengthen parties so that they perform their functions well.
Describe four major efforts to reform the political parties in India. (CBSE 2016*
The following measures can be suggested to strengthen the political parties:
(i) A law should be made to regulate the internal affairs of political parties. It should be made compulsory for political parties to maintain a register of its members, to follow its own constitution to solve party disputes, and to hold open elections to the highest posts.
(ii) It should be made compulsory for political parties to give about one-third tickets to women candidates and there should be a quota for women in the decision-making bodies of the party.
(iii) There should be state funding of elections. The government should give parties, money to support their election expenses. This support can be given in the form of vehicles, petrol, paper, telephones, etc.
(iv) Exessive regulation of political parties can be counter-productive. This would force all parties to find ways to cheat the law.
(v) People can put pressure on political parties to bring better policies and programmes. This can be done through petitions, publicity and agitations.
What is a political party?
Explain the meaning of political party.
A political party is an organised group of people who come together to contest elections and hold power in the government. Every political party has three common components:
- The leaders
- The active members
- The followers and supporters. Example: Indian National Congress, Bharatiya Janata Party, etc.
What are the characteristics of a political party?
The characteristics of a political party are as following :
- A political party is a fundamental political division in a society.
A political party has three components :
(a) The leaders
(b) The active members
(c) The followers and supporters.
- Every political party is registered with the Election Commission of India.
- A political party agrees on some policies and programmes for the society with a view to promote collective welfare.
- It tends to implement these policies by winning popular support through elections.
- It is known by which ideals it stands for, which policies it supports and whose interests it upholds.
- Every political party has an unique symbol.
A group of people who come together to contest elections and hold power in the government is called a
Match List I (organisations and struggles) with List II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists:
|List I||List II|
|1. Congress Party||A. National Democratic Alliance|
|2. Bharatiya Janata Party||B. State Party|
|3. Communist Party of India (Marxist)||C. United Progressive Alliance|
|4. Telugu Desam Party||D. Left Front|
Who among the following is the founder of the Bahujan Samaj Party?
A. Kanshi Ram
B. Sahu Maharaj
C. B.R. Ambedkar
D. Jyotiba Phule
(A) Kanshi Ram
What is the guiding philosophy of the Bharatiya Janata Party?
A. Bahujan Samaj
B. Revolutionary democracy
C. Integral humanism
(C) Integral humanism.
Consider the following statements on parties :
A. Political parties do not enjoy much trust among the people.
B. Parties are often rocked by scandals involving top party leaders.
C. Parties are not necessary to run governments.
Which of the statements given above are correct?
(a) A, B and C
(b) A and B
(c) B and C
(d) A and C.
(b) A and B.
Read the following passage and answer the questions given below:
Muhammad Yunus is a famous economist of Bangladesh. He received several international honours for his efforts to promote economic and social development for the benefit of the poor. He and the Grameen Bank he started jointly received the Nobel Peace Prize in 2006. In February 2007, he decided to launch a political party and contest in the parliamentary elections. His objective was to foster proper leadership, and good governance and build a new Bangladesh. He felt that only a political party different from the traditional ones would bring about a new political culture. His party would be democratic from the grassroots level.
The launching of the new party, called Nagarik Shakti (Citizens’ Power) has caused a stir among the Bangladeshis. While many welcomed his decision some did not like it. “Now I think Bangladesh will have a chance to choose between good and bad and eventually have a good government,” said Shahedul Islam, a government official. “That government we hope would not only keep itself away from corruption but also make fighting corruption and black money a top priority.”
But leaders of traditional political parties who dominated the country’s politics for decades were apprehensive. “There was no debate (over him) winning the Nobel but politics is different-very challenging and often controversial” said a senior leader of the Bangladesh Nationalist Party. Some others were highly critical. They asked why he was rushing into politics. “Is he being planted in politics by mentors from outside the country,” asked one political observer.
Do you think Yunus made a right decision to float a new political party?
Do you agree with the statements and fears expressed by various people? How do you want this new party organised to make it different from other parties? If you were the one to begin this political party how would you defend it?
(a) Yes, I think Yunus made the right decision to float a new political party.
(b) (i) No, I do not agree with the statements and fears expressed by various people.
(ii) I hope that the new party would not only keep itself away from corruption but also fight against corruption and black money, making it a top priority.
(iii) I would defend my party by keeping the following points before the public:
The existing parties are traditional ones and not carrying their democratic responsibilities. So, the floating of a new party is necessary.
Our party would be democratic from the grassroots level. Our objective is to foster proper leadership, good governance and to remove poverty from the country. Thus, the new party would bring a new political culture which is different from the traditional ones.