Haryana State Board HBSE 8th Class Social Science Solutions Civics Chapter 3 Why Do We Need A Parliament? Textbook Exercise Questions and Answers.
Haryana Board 8th Class Social Science Solutions Civics Chapter 3 Why Do We Need A Parliament?
HBSE 8th Class Civics Why Do We Need A Parliament? Textbook Questions and Answers
Haryana Board Class 8 Chapter 2 Understanding Secularism Question 1.
Why do you think the nationalist movement supported the idea that all adults have a right to vote?
The nationalist movement supported the idea that all adults have a right to vote because:
(a) The nationalists had started openly criticizing the British government and make demands.
(b) As far back as 1885, the Indian National Congress demanded that there be elected members in the legislation with a right to discuss the budget and ask questions.
(c) The Government of India Act, 1909 allowed for some elected representation. However, they did not allow for all adults to vote nor could people participate in decision-making.
(d) With the coming of independence, it was felt that the government had to be sensitive to people’s needs and demands.
This led the nationalist movement to support the idea that all adults have a right to vote.
Class 8 Civics Chapter 2 Understanding Secularism HBSE Question 2.
In this 2004 map of Parliamentary constituencies alongside, roughly identify the constituencies in your State. What is the name of the IMP from your constituency? How many MPs does your state have? Why are certain constituencies coloured green while others are coloured blue?
Self-study for students. Take help from your teachers or other educated persons of your area.
You have read in Chapter 1 that the ‘Parliamentary form of government’ that exists in India has three tiers. This includes the Parliament (central government) and the various State Legislatures (state governments). Fill in the following table with information on the various representatives from your area.
Fill in the table with your individual answers.
|State Government||Central Government|
|Which political party/parties is/are currently in power?|
|Who (name) is the current representative from your area?|
|Which political parties currently form the Opposition?|
|When were elections last held?|
|When will the next elections be held?|
|How many women representatives are there (from your state)?|
|State Government||Central Government|
|Which political party/parties is/are currently in power?||AAP||B JP Government|
|Who (name) is the current representative from your area?||Satish Lilothia||Pinki Jain|
|Which political parties currently form the Opposition?||Congress||Bhartiya Janta Party|
|When were elections last held?||2015||2014|
|When will the next elections be held?||2019||2019|
|How many women representatives are there (from your state)?||6 Women representatives||50 women members 1 members from Delhi|
Student do yourself according to the area you belong to.
HBSE 8th Class Civics Why Do We Need A Parliament? Important Questions and Answers
Very Short Answer Type Questions
When did India become independent?
India became independent on 15 August, 1947.
What is the basic idea of a demo¬cratic form of government?
The basic idea of democratic form of government is that the individual or the citizen is the most important person and that in princi-ple the government as well as other public institu¬tions need to have the trust of these citizens.
What is the Parliament?
The Parliament of India (Sansad) is the supreme law-making institution.
Name the two houses of parliament.
The Rajya Sabha, the Lok Sabha.
What can be the maximum strength of the members of Lok Sabha?
The maximum strength of the members of the Lok Sabha can be 552.
How many members does Rajya Sabha have?
There are 233 elected members plus 12 members nominated by the President in Rajya Sabha.
Short Answer Type Questions
What made our nationalists to feel that all persons in independent India would be. able to participate in making decisions?
The experience of colonial rule as well as the participation of different people in the struggle for freedom made our nationalists to feel that all persons in independent India would be able to participate in making decisions.
Write two important features of the Parliament of India?
(a) The Parliament of India (Sansad) is the supreme law-making institution.
(b) The Indian Parliament is the expression of faith that the people of India have in the principles of democracy.
How are members of Lok Sabha elected?
Members of the Lok Sabha are elected through the general elections. Elections take place every five years. For the purpose of elections, the country is divided into constituencies. Only one person is elected from each constituency. All citizens above 18 years have the right to vote. A single winner is chosen in a given constituency by virtue of his/her getting more votes than any other individual representative.
Long Answer Type Questions
Explain how the people of India form the government and also control it.
Through election the people elect their representatives to the Parliament. Then one group from among these elected representatives forms the government. The parliament, which is made up of all representatives together, controls and guides the government. In this sense people, through their chosen representatives, form the government and also control it.
Explain the importance of question hour in the Parliament.
The questions hour is an important mechanism through which MPs elicit information about the working of the government. This is a very important way through which the Parliament controls the executive. By asking questions the government is alerted to its shortcomings and also comes to know the opinion of the people through their representatives in the Parliament.
What have recent changes been noticed in the selection of representative members of the Parliament?
The Parliament now has more and more people from different backgrounds. For example, there are more rural members as also members from regional parties. Groups and peoples that were unrepresented, are now being elected to the Parliament. There has also been an increase in political participation from the Dalit and backward castes and the minorities.
Differentiate between the features of Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha.
|Lok Sabha||Rajya Sabha|
|(i) Lok Sabha is called House of the People.||(i) Rajya Sabha is called Council of States.|
|(ii) The maximum strength of Lok Sabha is 552 members.||(ii) The maximum strength of Rajya Sabha is 250 members.|
|(iii) Out of 552 members, 530 members are elected from the states and 20 members are elected from the Union Territories. The President of Intha can nominate two members from the Anglo-Indian Community if he feels that the community is not adequately represented.||(iii) Out of 250 members 238 members are elected from States and Union Territories and 12 members are nommated by the President.|
|(iv) Lok Sabha is presided by the speaker.||(iv) Rajya Sabha is presided by the Chairman (Vice President).|
|(v) Members are elected for five years.||(v) Members are elected for six years.|
|(vi) A member of Lok Sabha should not be less than 25 years of age.||(vi) A Member of Rajya Sabha should not be less than 30 years of age.|
Why Do We Need A Parliament? Class 8 HBSE Notes
- Approval: To give one’s consent to and be favourable towards something. Here, it refers both to the formal consent that Parliament has as well as the fact that it needs to continue to enjoy the people’s trust.
- Coalition: A temporary alliance of groups or parties. Here it refers to the alliance formed by political parties after elections when no party has been able to get adequate seats to form a clear majority. For example, NDA or UPA.
- Unresolved: This refers to situations in which there are no easy solutions to problems. For example, the problem of Common Civil Laws for each and every Indian.
- Colonial Rule: British rule over India from 1757 to 14 August, 1947.
- Nationalists: People who are loyal to the nation.
- Adults: Male and female having age of 18 years and above.
- Parliament: The parliament of India is the supreme law-making body. It consists of two houses- Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha.
- Bicameral Legislature: It means a legislature which has two houses, the lower house and the upper house.
- Unicameral Legislature: It means a legislature with only one house elected by the voters, for a specific term.
- Executive: In India, it comprises the President, the Prime Minister and the Council of Ministers.
- Judiciary: In India, it comprises the Supreme Court (as head), High Courts and Lower Courts of the states.
- Prorogue: To discontinue a meeting of Parliament for a time without dissolving it.
- Question-hour: During a Parliamentary session, the time fixed for asking questions from ministers and answering them orally is called question hour.
- Speaker: He is the presiding officer of the Lok Sabha and is responsible for the efficient business in the Lok Sabha.
- Money Bills: Money bills contain provisions relating to tax regulations, regulations of borrowing of money by the government, payment to or withdrawal from the contingency or the consolidated fund of India.
- Ordinary Bills: Ordinary bills are draft proposals for ordinary legislation.
- Constitutional Amendment Bills: Constitutional Amendment Bills deal with the amendment of our constitution.