HBSE 8th Class English Solutions Honeydew Poem 4 The Last Bargain

Haryana State Board HBSE 8th Class English Solutions Honeydew Poem 4 The Last Bargain Textbook Exercise Questions and Answers.

Haryana Board 8th Class English Solutions Honeydew Poem 4 The Last Bargain

HBSE 8th Class English The Last Bargain Textbook Questions and Answers

Working With The Poem

Question 1.
Who is the speaker in the poem?
कविता में वक्ता कौन है?
Answer:
The speaker in the poem is the poet himself.

Question 2.
‘The King, sword in hand’ suggests
(i) Wealth
(ii) Power
(iii) More power than wealth.
Mark the appropriate item in the context of stanza-1.
‘राजा, हाथ में तलवार’ सुझाव देती है:
(i) धन
(ii) ताकत
(iii) धन से अधिक ताकत
पद्यांश 1 के संबंध में उचित उत्तर पर निशान लगाइए।
Answer:
“The King, sword in hand’ suggests more power than wealth.

HBSE 8th Class English Solutions Honeydew Poem 4 The Last Bargain

Question 3.
The old man offered the speaker a lot of money. Why did he turn down the offer?
बुजुर्ग व्यक्ति ने वक्ता को अत्यधिक धन का प्रस्ताव दिया। उसने प्रस्ताव क्यों ठुकरा दिया?
Answer:
The speaker turned down the offer of the old man because it did not seem attractive to him. Even he was not happy with it.

Question 4.
Find in the poem lines that match the following. Read both one after another.
(i) I have nothing to give you
except goodwill and cheer.

(ii) Her happiness was no more
than sorrow in disguise.

(iii) The king’s might was not worth much.
कविता में से उन पंक्तियाँ को दूढों जो निम्नलिखित के सदृश हो। दोनों को एक के बाद एक पढ़ो :
Answer:
(i) …. “I hire you with nothing”
(ii) …. “Her smile paled and melted into tears.”
(ii)…. But his power counted for naught.

Question 5.
How did the speaker feel after talking to the child on the beach?
वक्ता को समुद्र किनारे बालक से बात करने के बाद कैसा महसूस हुआ?
Answer:
The speaker felt extremely happy after talking to the child on the beach.

The Last Bargain Poem Stanzas for Comprehension

Read the stanzas carefully and answer the questions that follow :

STANZA – 1

“Come and hire me”, I cried, while in the morning
I was walking on the stone-paved road.
Sword in hand the king came in his chariot.
He held my hand and said, “I will hire you with my power,”
But his power counted for naught, and he went away in his chariot.
Questions:
(i) Name the poem and the poet.
(ii) Why did the king come and How?
(iii) Explain : ‘But his power counted for naught.’
(iv) Who do ‘I’ and ‘He’ refer to in these lines?
(v) Give the adjective form of ‘Power.’
Answers :
(i) The name of the poet is Rabindranath Tagore and the poem is ‘The Last Bargain.’
(ii) The king come to hire the speaker with his power in his chariot having sword in his hand.
(iii) The King had extreme power and wealth yet he could not hire the speaker. So his power was worthless.
(iv) T refers to ‘the speaker’ and ‘He’ refers to ’the king.’
(v) Power – Powerful.

STANZA – 2

In the heat of the mid-day the house stood with shut doors.
I wandered along the crooked lane.
An old man came out with his hag of gold.
He pondered and said, “I will hire you with my money.”
He weighted his coins one by one, but I turned away. .
Questions:
(i) Name the poem.
(ii) What time of the day is mentioned here?
(iii) Who came out and what he had?
(iv) What did he want?
(v) Was he successful in his bargain?
(vi) Which word in the stanza means deformed?
Answers:
(i) The name of the poem is “The Last Bargain.”
(ii) The afternoon time is mentioned here.
(iii) An old man came out and he had a bag filled with gold coins.
(iv) He wanted to hire the speaker with his money.
(v) No, he was not successful in his bargain.
(vi) Deformed – crooked.

HBSE 8th Class English Solutions Honeydew Poem 4 The Last Bargain

STANZA – 3

The sun glistened on the sand, and the sea waves broke waywardly.
A child sat playing with shells.
He raised his head and seemed to know me and said,
“I hire you with nothing.”
From henceforward that bargain struck in child’s play made me a free man.
Questions:
(i) Name the poet.
(ii) Who did the speaker meet at last?
(iii) What was he doing and where was he?
(iv) Explain, “I hire you with nothing.”
(v) Make nouns from : Free, play.
Answers:
(i) The name of the poet is Rabindranath Tagore.
(ii) At last, the speaker met a child.
(iii) He was playing with shells on the beach.
(iv) It means that the child has nothing except goodwill and cheer to hire the speaker.
(v) Free-freedom Play-player.

The Last Bargain Poem Translation in Hindi

STANZA – 1

“Come and hire me”, I cried, while in the morning
I was walking on the stone-paved road.
Sword in hand the King came in his chariot.
He held my hand and said, “I will hire you with my power,”
But his power counted for naught, and he went away in his chariot.

Word Meaning : Naught = nothing (कुछ नहीं). Chariot = triumphal car (रथ). Held = caught (पकड़ा)।

“आओ और मुझे किराए पर लो”, मैनें चिल्लाया, जब मैं प्रात:काल में पत्थर-निर्मित सड़क पर चल रहा था। राजा अपने रथ पर सवार हाथ में तलवार लिए आया। उसने मेरा हाथ पकड़ा और कहा, “मैं तुम्हें अपनी ताकत से हासिल करूंगा।” परंतु उसकी ताकत का मूल्य कुछ नहीं था। और वह वापस अपने रथ में चला गया।

STANZA – 2

In the heat of the mid-day the houses stood with shut doors.
I wandered along the crooked lane.
An old man came out with his bag of gold.
He pondered and said, “I will hire you with my money.”
He weighted his coins one by one, but I turned away.

Word Meaning : Crooked – Deformed (विकृत),Pondered = thought (सोचा), Turned: changed (बदल लिया), Weighed = to ascertain how many thing is (वजन किया). Shut-closed (बन्द)।

दोपहर की गर्मी में, घर बन्द दरवाजों के साथ खड़े थे। मैं विकृत गली में घूमा। एक बूढ़ा व्यक्ति अपने सोने के थैले के साथ बाहर आया। उसने सोचा और कहा, “मैं तुम्हें अपने धन से किराए पर लूँगा।” उसने एक-एक करके अपने सिक्कों का वजन किया। परंतु मैं वापस मुड़ गया।

STANZA – 3

It was evening. The garden hedge was all a flower.
The fair maid came out and said, “I will hire you with a smile.”
Her smile paled and melted into tears, and she went back alone into the dark.

Word Meaning : Hedge = fence of bushes or shrubs (बाड़),Fair-beautiful (सुंदर), Maid-woman (महिला), Paled – of faint white colour (मंद पड़ना), Melted – to soften feelings (भावनाओं का बहना)।

संध्या-काल था। बगीचे का बाड़ा पूरा फूलों से भरा हुआ था। सुन्दर कन्या बाहर आयी और बोली, “मैं तुम्हें एक मुस्कराहट के साथ किराए पर लूंगी।” उसकी मुस्कान मंद पड़ गयी और भावनाएँ आसुओं में बह गई। और वह वापस अकेली अंधेरे में चली गई।

HBSE 8th Class English Solutions Honeydew Poem 4 The Last Bargain

STANZA – 4

The sun glistened on the sand, and the sea waves broke waywardly.
A child sat playing with shells.
He raised his head and seemed to know me and said,
“I hire you with nothing.”
From henceforward that bargain struck in child’s play made me a free man

Word Meaning : Glistened – shone, (चमका), Waywardly = wilfully (स्वेच्छा से), Raised -lifted (उठाया). Shell-Hard protective covering of certain eggs, fruits etc (छिलका/खोल). Henceforward = Henceforth (आगे से / आइन्दा)।

सूर्य रेत पर चमका। और समुद्र की लहरें स्वेच्छा से उमड़ पड़ी। एक बच्चा शेलों (छिलका, खोल) के साथ बैठकर खेल रहा था। उसने अपना सिर उठाया और मुझे जाना-पहचाना सा लगा और बोला,”मैं तुम्हें किराए के लिए कुछ नहीं दे सकता।”
बच्चे के खेल में तय हुए सौदे ने आइन्दा से मुझे एक स्वतंत्र इंसान – बना दिया।

The Last Bargain Poem Summary in English

Someone is looking for work. He is waiting to be hired. First he strikes a bargain with a king, but thinks it worthless. Then, an old man tries to hire him with his money but he turns away. In the evening, he comes across a fair maid. She wants to hire him with a smile. Her smile disappears and so does she. At last, the speaker sees a child playing with shells at the beach. He has nothing to hire him yet the speaker is happy to work for him. The poem shows the importance of selfless and innocent love. The poet wants to say that nothing is as beautiful and important as goodwill and cheer is.

HBSE 8th Class English Solutions Honeydew Poem 4 The Last Bargain

The Last Bargain Poem Summary in Hindi

कोई व्यक्ति कार्य ढूढ़ रहा है। वह पैसों के बदले कार्य करने का इंतजार कर रहा है। पहला सौदा वह एक राजा के साथ तय करता है। लेकिन उसे मूल्यहीन पाता है। तब एक बुजुर्ग व्यक्ति अपने धन से उसे किराये पर लेन चाहता है परंतु वह वापस मुड़ जाता है। शाम के समय, वह एक सुन्दर कन्या के सामने आता है। वह उसे एक मुस्कान के साथ, किराए पर लेना चाहती है। उसकी मुस्कान गायब हो जाती है और वह भी गायब हो जाती है। अंत में, वक्ता समुद्र किनारे एक बालक को छिलकों (खोल) के साथ खेलते हुए देखता है उसके पास उसे किराए पर लेने के लिए कुछ नहीं है परंतु फिर भी वक्ता उसके लिए कार्य करके खुश है कविता स्वार्थहीन एवं मासूम प्रेम का महत्त्व प्रदर्शित करती है। कवि कहना चाहता है कि ख्याति। और खुशी जितना सुन्दर और महत्त्वपूर्ण कुछ भी नहीं है।

Introduction:

A bargain is an agreement in which both parties promise to do something for each .other. Someone is looking for work, waiting to be hired. He strikes a bargain but thinks it worthless.. He tries twice again but doesn’t like either. Finally, in the last bargain, when he is hired for nothing whatever, he is happy as never before. What is the bargain, and why is it the best?

प्रस्तावना:

सौदा एक ऐसा समझौता होता है जिसमें दोनों पक्ष एक-दूसरे के लिए कुछ करने का वायदा करते हैं। कोई कार्य ढूँढ रहा है, किराए पर लिए जाने का इंतजार कर रहा है। वह एक सौदा तय करता है। परंतु उसे मूल्यहीन समझता है। वह दो बार पुनः कोशिश करता है परंतु दोनों में से कुछ भी उसे पसन्द नही आता। अन्ततः आखिरी सौदे में, जब उसे जो कुछ भी है – कुछ नहीं जैसा – के लिए किराए पर लिया जाता है, वह इतना खुश है जितना पहले कभी नहीं था। यह सौदा क्या है और यह सर्वोत्तम क्यों है?

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