Haryana State Board HBSE 6th Class Social Science Solutions Civics Chapter 3 What is GovernmentTextbook Exercise Questions and Answers.
Haryana Board 6th Class Social Science Solutions Civics Chapter 3 What is Government
HBSE 6th Class Civics What is Government Textbook Questions and Answers
What is Government HBSE 6th Class Question 1.
Look at the newspaper headlines above and list the different kinds of activities that the government is reported to be doing in these newspaper headlines.
- Isn’t this a wide range of activities?
- What do you think government is? Discuss in class.
- List of the different kind of activities that the government is reported to be doing in the newspaper headlines:
1. The government protects the rights of the unorganised workers.
2. It fixes prices of essential commodities when they are in short supply.
3. It tackles food.
4. It revamps coal and power sectors.
5. It declares villages scarcity hit and . provides relief.
6. It appoints judges to high courts and Supreme Court.
- Yes, the government has a wide range of activities.
In my opinion, the government is an organisation which looks after the public maintenance systems like roads, postal and railway service. It is also responsible for maintaining peaceful relations within nation and amongst the different nations. It protects the border of the country.
Class 6 History Chapter 3 HBSE Question 2.
Can you list three things that the government does which have not been mentioned?
The things that the government does which has not been mentioned are:
(i) to provide sanitation and pure drinking water facility to all the citizens of the nation.
(ii) to provide free education to children of the nation.
(iii) to give employment to all people more than 18 years of age.
What is Government Class 6 Notes HBSE Question 3.
Look at the statements in the column on the left. Can you identify which level they belong to? Place tick mark against the level you consider most appropriate:
|1. The decision to maintain peaceful relations with Russia.||•||•||•|
|2. The decision on whether to have Board exam conducted in Class VIII for all government in Kolkata.||•||•||•|
|3. Introduction of two new train connections between Jammu and Bhubaneshwar.||•||•||•|
|4. The decision to get common well constructed/ excavated in a particular area of the village.||•||•||•|
|5. Decision to construct a big children’s park in Patna.||•||•||•|
|6. The decision to provide free electricity for all farmers in Haryana.||•||•||•|
|7. Introduction of a new 1000 rupee note.||•||•||•|
|1. The decision to maintain peaceful relations with Russia.||•||•||✓|
|2. The decision on whether to have Board exam conducted in Class VIII for all government in Kolkata.||•||✓||•|
|3. Introduction of two new train connections between Jammu and Bhubaneshwar.||•||•||✓|
|4. The decision to get common well constructed/ excavated in a particular area of the village.||✓||•||•|
|5. Decision to construct a big children’s park in Patna.||•||✓||•|
|6. The decision to provide free electricity for all farmers in Haryana.||•||✓||•|
|7. Introduction of a new 1000 rupee note.||•||•||✓|
Class 6 History Chapter 3 Questions And Answers HBSE Question 4.
Do you think it is important for people to be involved in decisions that affect them? Give two reasons for answer.
Yes, it is important for people to be involved in decisions that affect them because:
(a) The people are affected by a rise in prices of essential commodities, so any extra-ordinary increase in prices should be consulted with the representatives of the people.
(b) If the government decides to convert a residential area to the commercial area, the representatives of the people should be consulted as it could effect the lives of the people.
What is Government 6th Class HBSE Question 5.
Which type of government prefer to have in the place in which you live in? Why?
I would like to have a democratic type of government in the places in which I live because it is a government of the people, for the people and by the people. A democratic government will be more considerate towards the needs of the people.
Which of the statements below is correct? Correct those sentences that you think need correction.
(a) In a monarchy the country’s citizens are allowed to elect whomever they want.
(b) In a democracy a king has an absolute powers to rule the country.
(c) In a monarchy, people can raise questions about the decisions the monarch takes.
(a) In a monarchy, the king is chosen by the hereditary powers.
(b) In a democracy, the country is ruled by the representatives chosen by the people.
(c) In a monarchy, people can not raise questions about the decisions the monarch takes.
What do you understand by the word ‘government’? List five ways in which you think the government affects your daily life.
The Government is the name of an organisation through which, the will of the state is created, expressed and implemented.
The three main organs of the Government are:
Govt, affects daily life in the following ways:
1. It takes decision to lay roads and build schools and health centers.
2. It takes action of social issues.
3. It protects the boundaries of state.
4. It makes law for the benefits of the people and implements them.
5. If there is dispute between two neighbouring states, the govt, does his best to end the cause of conflict.
Why do you think the Government make rules for everyone in the form of laws?
Everyone who lives in a country must follow some rules and regulations. These laws are made by government and every citizen have to follow these laws. According to these laws, a government can function and make decision and vests with power to enforce these laws.
Govt, needs to make rules for everyone in the form of law because by doing so people can obey rule and thus the nation as a whole leads a secure life.
Name two essential features of a democratic government.
(i) Participation of people is necessity.
(ii) It acts according to the will of the people.
What was the suffrage movement? What did it accomplish?
The word ‘suffrage’ means ‘right to vote’. This movement belongs to the women and poor people who have to fight for the participation in government. During the World War I, the struggle for the ‘right to vote’ got strengthened. The struggle comes to be known as ‘suffrage movement’.
During the World War I, men were away from their house fighting in the battle field. At this time, women were called upon to do the work which were earlier done by men. Women did their best and try to manage and organise different kinds of works, People wonder to know that the women can do such work. Women began to be seen as being equally capable for doing hard work and making decision.
The people who were demanding the Right for Women and got their demand heard, they chained themselves to rallying in public places and meetings. In America, women were given right to vote in 1920 while in U.K. in 1928.
Gandhiji strongly believed that every adult in India should be given the right to vote. However, a few people don’t share his views. They feel that illiterate people, who are mainly poor, should not be given the right to vote. What do you think? Do you think this would be a form to discrimination? Give five points to support your view and share these with the class.
All citizens are equal. The constitution aims at providing all equality to all its citizens.
• We have no right to discriminate any one on the basis of poverty.
• Even the illiterate people are the citizens of the nation. They should have the right to choose people who are going to be in their country.
• Our constitution provides equal voting right to all the citizens.
• We must honour dignity of every individual.
HBSE 6th Class Civics What is Government Important Questions and Answers
Very Short Answer Type Questions
Why does every country need a government?
Every country needs a government to make decisions and get things like building roads and schools done.
List the institutions which are a part of the government. Name three of them.
The institutions which are a part of the government are:
(1) Supreme Court
(2) Indian Railways
(3) Bharat Petroleum
What is universal adult franchise?
‘Universal adult franchise’ means that all adults in the country are allowed to vote.
Why is a mark put on the finger while vote?
A mark is put on the finger to make sure that a person casts only one vote.
Under what circumstances a person may approach the court?
If a person feels that a particular law is not being followed, he/she may approach the court.
Short Answer Type Questions
What are the three different levels of the government?
The three different levels of the government are:
(a) Local level: It means the government in our village, town or locality.
(b) State level: It would mean the government that covers an entire state like Haryana or Assam.
(c) National level: It refers to the government of the entire country.
What do you mean by representative democracies?
In representative democracies, people do not choose their representatives through an election process. These representatives meet and make decisions for the entire population.
The earliest forms of government were not democratic.
In the earliest form of government, men would owned property and were educated, had right to vote. This meant that women, the poor, the property less and the uneducated ones were not allowed to vote. The country was governed by the rules and regulations that these few men made.
So the earliest forms of government were not democratic as it was not ruled by all the citizens of the country.
What is a monarchy?
It is a type of government in which the monarch or the king has the powers to make laws and decisions and run the government. The king does not have to explain his action or defend the decisions he takes. He may be helped by a small group of people who help the king to take decisions.
Long Answer Type Questions
Distinguish between democracy and monarchy.
|(a) Democracy is a government of the people, by the people and for the people. The re-presentatives of the people choose the government.||(a) It is the King or Queen who has the power to make decisions and run the government.|
|(b) The three levels of the government-legislative, executive and judiciary are the functionaries of the government.||(b) The monarch may have small group of people to discuss matters with, but the final decision making power remains with the monarch.|
|(c) The government has to explain its actions and defend its decisions to the people.||(c) Kings and Queens do not have to explain their actions or defend the decisions they make.|
|(d) People may change the ruling party through elections.||(d) The position of the king is hereditary.|
What is the difference between the Federal and Unitary Government?
(i) In the Unitary form of Government, there is only one Central Government for the whole country while in the Federal Form; there are one Central and separate governments in the provinces.
(ii) In the Federal form of Government the whole country is divided into some political units but in the Unitary form the whole country is a single unit.
(iii) In the Unitary form, all the powers are vested in one Central Government, while there is a division of powers between the Federal and the State governments in the Federal forms.
(iv) In the Federal form of Government, mostly the Constitution is written and rigid while it is not so in case of a Unitary State.
What is Government Class 6 HBSE Notes
- Government: The system or machinery present in each country in order to make directions for the proper running of the country is called a government.
- Laws: The rules laid down by the government for the proper functioning of the country are called laws.
- Democracy: A system of government is which people (citizens) of the country choose their leaders to rule is called democracy.
- Monarchy: Monarchy is the form of the government in which King or Queen or the Monarch takes decisions and makes laws for the entire country. His/Her position is hereditary too.
- Elections: The process in which a democratic country casts their votes to choose the leaders is called elections.
- Election Petition: If any voter or a candidate feels that the election in his constituency has not been conducted fairly, he can file an election petition against that election.
- Representative Democracy: A form of democracy in which people do not elect the government directly but only choose their representatives, who collectively form a government is called Representative Democracy.